The book focuses on understanding the most recent change patterns in automation, manufacturing systems, organization and management of human resources of the world automobile firms. In brief, even if the automation issue is one of the main focuses of this book, regarding specific technological solutions, we refer the readers to the in depth analysis of the proceedings of previous conferences. This book deals with adjustment processes underlying significant experiences. Specifically, the main aim of the book is to understand the new step of the evolutionary process which involves the manufacturing system of the automobile supply chain (automobile manufacturers and parts manufacturing firms). The drivers of this evolution are analyzed, specifically focusing on the continous interaction among changing competitive context, new technological patterns and emerging human resource management and organizational issues.